Child Sexual Exploitation and County Lines

Child Exploitation – information for family and friends

Child Criminal Exploitation

Child Criminal Exploitation occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of a person under the age of 18 and may coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under that age into any criminal activity

  1. In exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or
  2. For the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator and/or
  3. Through violence or the threat of violence. The victim may be exploited even if the activity appears consensual (i.e. moving drugs or the proceeds of drugs from one place to another).

Child Criminal Exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.  (Home Office 2018)

Child Sexual Exploitation

Child Sexual Exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity

(a) In exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or

(b) For the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator.

The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual. Child Sexual Exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology. (Home Office 2017)

Children or young people may be tricked into believing they’re in a loving, consensual relationship. They might be invited to parties and given drugs and alcohol. They may also be groomed online.

Some children and young people are trafficked into or within the UK for the purpose of exploitation. Sexual exploitation can also happen to young people in gangs.

Barnardo’s – Spot the signs

Barnardo’s have published advice parents and young people about CSE which is available on their website

Parents Against Child Sexual Exploitation (Pace)

Parents Against Child Sexual Exploitation (Pace) work alongside parents and carers whose children are or are at risk of being sexually exploited by perpetrators external to the family. They also offer guidance and training to professionals on how child sexual exploitation affects the whole family. View their website to read more Pace UK

The ‘Keeping it together’ parent’s guide to coping with CSE and other resources to share with parents can be found on their website Pace UK info for parents

Their relational safeguarding model demonstrates best practice in working with families affected by CSE and is also available at Pace UK

Training for Parents/Carers

Pace, in partnership with Virtual College, has launched an interactive online information package for parents on the signs of child sexual exploitation. This free tool is designed to equip parents with the information and knowledge to safeguard children from this abuse – go to the Pace website Pace UK to access the tool.

Stop it now!

Stop it Now! UK and Ireland is a useful website for anyone with concerns about child sexual abuse. The Stop it Now! campaign operates a confidential freephone helpline for any adult with concerns, including those worried about the sexual behaviour of another adult towards children, those worried about their own thoughts or behaviour towards children and those concerned about the worrying sexual behaviour of a child or young person.  Call their helpline on tel: 0808 1000 900 or email at help@stopitnow.org.uk  or go to their website stopitnow to find out more.

Family Lives – Parentline Plus

Parentline Plus is a national charity that works for, and with, parents. It works to offer help and support through an innovative range of free, flexible, responsive services – shaped by parents for parents. Go to their website Parentline plus to find out more or call their helpline on tel: 0808 800 2222

NSPCC

The NSPCC is the UK’s leading charity dedicated to stopping child abuse. You can call their child protection helpline on tel: 0808 800 5000 or contact them via email at help@nspcc.org.uk or visit their website NSPCC

The Home Office Disclosure Scheme

If you are worried about someone in your child’s life, you can get them checked by the police to see if they have a record of child sexual offences. Find out what you need to do to get someone checked.